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Frequently used polar sequences of organic solvents
Aug 23, 2017

Petroleum ether <Gasoline <Heptane <Hexane <Carbosulfide <Xylene <Toluene <Chloropropane <Benzethyl bromide <Bromobenzene <Dichloroethane <Trichloromethane <Isopropyl ether <Nitromethane <Acetyl acetate Ester <Ethyl <ethyl acetate <n-pentane <n-butanol <phenol <methyl ethanol <t-butanol <tetrahydrofuran <dioxane <acetone <ethanol <acetonitrile <methanol <nitrousdimethylformamide <water
Common organic solvent polar table

Compound Name                            Polar   Viscosity       Boiling    Absorption Wavelength
I-pentane                                               0              -            30                         -
N-pentane                                             0           0.23          36                       210
Petroleum ether                                    0.01       0.3        30 to 60                 210
Hexane                                                 0.06       0.33          69                      210
Cyclohexane                                         0.1           1             81                      210
Isooctane                                              0.1         0.53          99                      210
Trifluoroacetic acid                                0.1           -             72                          -
Trimethylpentane                                  0.1         0.47          99                      215
Cyclopentane                                        0.2         0.47          49                      210
N-heptane                                             0.2         0.41          98                      200
Butyl chloride                                          1          0.46          78                      220
Trichloroethylene                                    1          0.57          87                      273
Carbon tetrachloride                             1.6         0.97          77                      265
Trichlorotrifluoroethane                         1.9         0.71          48                      231
I-propyl ether                                         2.4         0.37          68                      220
Toluene                                                 2.4         0.59          111                    285
P-xylene                                                2.5         0.65          138                    290
Chlorobenzene                                       2.7         0.8            132                      -
O-dichlorobenzene                                2.7        1.33          180                    295
Ethyl ether                                             2.9         0.23           35                     220
Benzene                                                3            0.65           80                     280
Isobutyl alcohol                                      3           4.7             108                   220
Methylene chloride                                3.4         0.44           240                   245
Ethylene dichloride                                3.5         0.78           84                     228
N-butanol                                               3.7         2.95          117                    210
N-butyl acetate                                       4              -             126                    254
N-propanol                                             4            2.27          98                      210
Methyl isobutyl ketone                          4.2            -              119                    330
Tetrahydrofuran                                    4.2          0.55           66                     220
Ethyl acetate                                         4.30        0.45           77                     260
I-propanol                                              4.3          2.37          82                     210
Chloroform                                             4.4          0.57          61                     245
Methyl ethyl ketone                                4.5          0.43          80                     330
Dioxane                                                  4.8          1.54         102                    220
Pyridine                                                  5.3           0.97         115                   305
Acetone                                                  5.4           0.32         57                    330
Nitromethane                                          6              0.67        101                   330
Acetic acid                                              6.2           1.28         118                  230
Acetonitrile                                              6.2           0.37         82                    210
Aniline                                                     6.3           4.4          184                      -
Dimethyl formamide                                6.4           0.92        153                   270
Methanol                                                 6.6           0.6           65                    210
Ethylene glycol                                        6.9          19.9         197                  210
Dimethyl sulfoxide                                   7.2          2.24         189                  268
Water                                                      10.2          1             100                  268