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Morpholine
Mar 28, 2018

Morpholine is also called the 1, 4 - oxygen and nitrogen heterocyclic heartland of amine oxide hexane, 2 b, colorless alkaline oily liquid, with ammonia smell and hygroscopicity, with water vapor can volatilize, immiscible with water, soluble in acetone, benzene, ethyl ether, pentane, methanol, ethanol, carbon tetrachloride, propylene glycol and other organic solvents.The vapor and air form an explosive mixture, and the explosion limit is 1.8% ~ 15.2%(volume fraction).Morpholine is a secondary amine, and also has the properties of inorganic acid and organic acid, which can produce salt and amide.

The morpholine contains the secondary amine group and has all the typical reaction characteristics of the secondary amine group.It reacts with inorganic acid to produce salt, reacts with organic acid to produce salt or amide, can be alkylation reaction, can also react with ethylene oxide, ketone reaction or Willgerodt reaction.Because of morpholine a unique chemical properties, make its become the one of fine petrochemical products which are of important commercial use, can be used for the preparation of rubber vulcanization accelerator NOBS, DTOS and MDS, anti-rust agent, rust preventer, detergents, detergent, painkillers, local anesthetic and sedative, respiratory system and blood doping, surface activator, bleaches, fruit fresh-keeping agent, textile auxiliaries, etc., in rubber, medicine, pesticide, dye, paint and other industries have extensive USES, medicine for the production of moroxydine, virus spirit, ibuprofen, cough must, naproxen sodium, 2 chloro aniline and phenylacetic acid and other important drugs.